r: weather modification

{FYR}

<<<Weather Modification Preliminary Research Thread>>>

#weather #weathermodification #cloudseeding #hygroscopic #glaciogenic #weatherwarfare

http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2001BAMS…82..903S

http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/1520-0477%282001%29082%3C0903%3AACAOGS%3E2.3.CO%3B2

http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/pdf/10.1175/1520-0477%282001%29082%3C0903%3AACAOGS%3E2.3.CO%3B2

Basics:

http://www.weathermodification.org/

http://www.nawmc.org/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Weather_modification

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Pilot of Weather Modification plane dies in crash south of Fargo

(Bismarck Tribune: dec 1, 2016)

http://bismarcktribune.com/news/state-and-regional/pilot-of-weather-modification-plane-dies-in-crash-south-of/article_9a6bfcd9-6186-5345-aaef-9d0a5978f7cb.html

FARGO – The 55-year-old pilot of a Weather Modification plane died in a crash south of Fargo on Thursday North Dakota Highway Patrol Cpt. Bryan Niewind said.

The twin-engine, Cessna Model 340 plane crash-landed about 4:30 p.m. about a mile north of Cass County 16 in a field about a half mile east of Interstate 29 near a stand a trees along the bank of the Wild Rice River.

Neil Brackin, president of Weather Modification Inc., confirmed Thursday night that it was one of the company’s planes. He said there were no further details at this time.

The pilot’s name will be released Friday afternoon, pending notification of his family.

Fargo-based Weather Modification Inc. is one of the world’s largest private aerial cloud-seeding companies.”

 

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Weather Modification Inc.

http://www.weathermodification.com/

Weather Modification Inc., was founded in 1961, in the small town of Bowman, ND. Bowman is located in an area of the state where the average rainfall is near desert amounts and hail is common. In order to preserve the livelihood of the agricultural community, two pilots/farmers decided to enter the forefront of weather modification.”

[note, according to their website, they are a member of the Saudi-Arabia Business Council]

http://www.us-sabc.org/i4a/pages/index.cfm?pageid=4251

Client List

http://www.weathermodification.com/projects.php

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PROCESSES

Among the services Weather Modification Inc. offer are “Increasing Precipitation”, “Mitigating Hail Damage” and “Dispersing Fog”.

“Increasing Precipitation”

Within the category of increasing precipitation, we have Augmenting Snowfall and Enhancing Rainfall.

According to Weather Mod Inc.’s own website, there are two “primary methods to stimulate precipitation. One, hygroscopic seeding….The other, glaciogenic seeding…”

Enhancing Rainfall

Hygroscopic Seeding is used to Enhance Rainfall, ie: increase rainfall.

Hygroscopic seeding: “The term “hygroscopic seeding” has been associated with warm cloud seeding. The objective is to enhance rainfall by promoting the coalescence process using hygroscopic salt nuclei generated by pyrotechnic flares or a fine spray of a highly concentrated salt solution.”

http://just-clouds.com/hygroscopic_cloud_seeding.asp

What are hygroscopic salt nuclei and what do they “spray” in order to “seed”?

http://www.weathermodification.org/WMAFactsBrochure_final_September2013.pdf

It seems that a general consensus lies in Salt, salt is released either from ground burning

More links for hygroscopic seeding:

Encyclopedia Entry

http://www.encyclopedia.com/earth-and-environment/ecology-and-environmentalism/environmental-studies/hygroscopic-nucleus

https://books.google.com/books?id=5Dx-BAAAQBAJ&pg=PA117&lpg=PA117&dq=hygroscopic+salt+nuclei&source=bl&ots=njh0VSYmRz&sig=DcZ40smcgWHn0d81TfkJfHFgZPA&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjz6vns4ODQAhVQ02MKHUonCMAQ6AEIbTAT#v=onepage&q=hygroscopic%20salt%20nuclei&f=false

Augmenting Snowfall

http://arc.lib.montana.edu/snow-science/item/574

Glaciogenic Seeding is used to Augment Snowfall, ie: increase snowfall.

Glaciogenic seeding: silver iodine or liquid propane either sprayed from plane or from the ground.

https://www.nap.edu/read/10829/chapter/9

http://just-clouds.com/glaciogenic_cloud_seeding.asp

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0169809514002154

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Weather Modification: Prospects and Problems

Georg Breur

CUP Archive, 1979 – science – 178 pages

https://books.google.com/books?id=gA84AAAAIAAJ&dq=weather+modification+does+not+exist&source=gbs_navlinks_s

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GeoEngineering Watch

Global Weather Modification Assault Causing Climate Chaos And Environmental Catastrophe

http://www.geoengineeringwatch.org/global-weather-modification-assault-causing-climate-chaos-and-environmental-catastrophe-2/

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“Weather as a Force Multiplier: Owning the Weather in 2025”

AirForce 2025 1996

http://csat.au.af.mil/2025/volume3/vol3ch15.pdf

{“…is a study designed to comply with a directive from the chief of staff of the Air Force to examine the

concepts, capabilities, and technologies the United States will require to remain the dominant air and space force in the future. Presented on 17 June 1996, this report was produced in the Department of Defense school environment of academic freedom and in the interest of advancing concepts related to national defense. The views expressed in this report are those of the authors and do not reflect the official policy or position of the United States Air Force, Department of Defense, or the United States government. This report contains fictional representations of future situations/scenarios. Any similarities to real people or events, other than those specifically cited, are unintentional and are for purposes of illustration only. This publication has been reviewed by security and policy review authorities, is unclassified, and is cleared for public release.” }

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Environmental Warfare and Climate Change

Global Research Centre for Research on Globalization

By Prof Michel Chossudovsky

Global Research, November 27, 2005

http://www.globalresearch.ca/environmental-warfare-and-climate-change/1336

{“Weather-modification offers the war fighter a wide-range of possible options to defeat or coerce an adversary… In the United States, weather-modification will likely become a part of national security policy with both domestic and international applications. Our government will pursue such a policy, depending on its interests, at various levels.”

(US Air Force, emphasis added. Air University of the US Air Force, AF 2025 Final Report, ) }

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Convention on the Prohibition of Military or Any Other Hostile Use of Environmental Modification Techniques

Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation

Signed in Geneva May 18, 1977
Entered into force October 5, 1978

http://www.state.gov/t/isn/4783.htm

<<More links for the convention>>

Audiovisual Library of International Law

http://legal.un.org/avl/ha/cpmhuemt/cpmhuemt.html

The UN.org

No. 17119

https://treaties.un.org/doc/Publication/UNTS/Volume%201108/volume-1108-I-17119-English.pdf

Wearechange article

https://wearechange.wordpress.com/2008/07/02/weather-warfare-treaty/

Cover Letter for Treaty

http://www.cuttingedge.org/news/un01.jpg

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Operation Popeye

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Popeye

<<More about Operation Popeye from Texas Tech University: Vietnam Center & Archive>>

http://www.vietnam.ttu.edu/

[Top Secret hearing held on March 20, 1974; made public on May 19, 1974]

Weather Modification

http://www.vietnam.ttu.edu/star/images/239/2390601002C.pdf

DoD Finally Admits the Rain Did Fall

Sceience & Government Report 1 June 1974 (28)

http://www.virtual.vietnam.ttu.edu/cgi-bin/starfetch.exe?CQ9i0WbFqYu9uzNmNgaJFXji9gusPgG8aWHTajXHzNvkqSFZJUjmBtuq2pU7AODYlOXfZlPzwB1@7euyfxHtI.4L5p14JRDgPESKAUoItWFTCxfuRZTOFw/2250216095.pdf

The Weather as a Secret Weapon from Vietnam to Geneva

By Cristine Russell

Washington Star 23 August 1975 pg. 1 (25)

http://www.virtual.vietnam.ttu.edu/cgi-bin/starfetch.exe?JocZcMgN@0ogiMPWsjLTwdu1eeKjgRiYHwEuj2a7i@AMt7AzD82XPMXiNLJLeTZXYdILJJGaJp72@g@I02@8OjUnZpy10IQ39OQewVu3Yrg56B8g.j5ofQ/2250115028.pdf

’67 Order to End Rainmaking Reported

By Seymour M. Hersh

The New York Times

http://www.virtual.vietnam.ttu.edu/cgi-bin/starfetch.exe?KpCq1VhsN2Basf859cNqmiFvMdmtzJeyOBztecxDvrTdxVKzeGThNBXetdBZBnkU0VUwZIHctpdGjxEZVpcYMxcEgysD7yfUyUVejYG1OIElGDQxCOl95Q/2250203066.pdf

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Operation Storm Fury

http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/730016.pdf

from the Defense Technical Information Center

http://www.dtic.mil

Search the DoD Public Access:

http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/search/tr/journal.html

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Weather Modification In North Dakota

Q&A about Weather Modification from State Water Commission & Office of the State Engineer

http://www.swc.nd.gov/

http://www.swc.nd.gov/arb/ndcmp/pdfs/q_a.pdf

North Dakota clouds are seeded with two different types of agents: silver iodide complexes, artificial ice nuclei that provide a crystalline structure on which supercooled liquid water (SLW) droplets can freeze; and dry ice (frozen carbon dioxide), which at -109°F is so cold that it helps create additional droplets from water vapor and freezes those droplets by thermal shock.”

North Dakota Cloud Modification Project (NDCMP)

1961-Present

http://www.weathermodification.com/projects.php?id=50

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Weather Modification Association (WMA) Position Statement on the Environmental Impact of Using Silver Iodide as a cloud Seeding Agent. July 2009

http://www.weathermodification.org/images/AGI_toxicity.pdf

more

http://www.weathermodification.org/faq.php

http://www.weathermodification.org/WMAFactsBrochure_final_September2013.pdf

http://just-clouds.com/hygroscopic_cloud_seeding.asp

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MORE

http://arc.lib.montana.edu/snow-science/item/574

http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/pdf/10.1175/2010JAMC2307.1

http://rams.atmos.colostate.edu/gkss_node4.html

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hygroscopy

http://www.ilpi.com/msds/ref/hygroscopic.html

http://www.cuttingedge.org/news/n1694.cfm

https://climateviewer.com/geoengineering/

http://www.pjsinnam.com/vn_history/stories/Son_Tay.htm

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Popeye#cite_note-Kissenger-3

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Weather_modification

http://www.srh.noaa.gov/srh/jetstream/clouds/cloudwise/learn.html

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